A radical alternative to a carbon tax
In my last column, I wrote about the need for Vermont to introduce a carbon tax to help pay the local adaptation and rebuilding costs from climate change. But this will not move the United States away from a fossil fuel economy.
For this to happen all fossil carbon fuels need to become more costly — they are far too cheap at the moment, because we have not included the long-term costs. How can we do accomplish this without imposing suffering on the poor?
The best plan proposed is called “fee-and-dividend.” This is much more than a skillful repackaging of a carbon tax — it works like this. A fee is placed on fossil carbon at the mine or well head or when imported to the U.S. All the money raised does not go to the government, however, but back to every U.S. citizen as a dividend. Every year, the fee increases $10 per ton of fossil carbon, so fossil fuel gets more expensive over a 10-year period. This gives the economy the clear signal it needs to burn less fossil fuel, either by becoming more energy efficient or by shifting to renewable energy.
But the economy as a whole does not suffer because the money is reimbursed to the people to spend as a dividend. The dividend does not go preferentially to the rich, to Wall Street trading schemes or to the Federal government, but back to the people, including a half share to children. In 2025, the dividend to a family of two adults and two children is estimated to be $288 a month. So there is a clear sense of equity in this proposal.
Studies show that the economy would benefit greatly, creating 2 million jobs in the first decade and increasing the net GDP. The U.S. share of global carbon pollution would fall 33 percent in 10 years and 52 percent in 20 years.
Because it is revenue neutral, it has support from both political parties, except among those who pretend that climate change does not exist, or those who think that the role of government is to improve the fortunes of their rich donors, and hope that just enough of their philanthropy will trickle down to the poor to prevent social unrest!
This would not fix all of our global problems, but it is a critical step toward reducing carbon emissions. I could think of improvements — the opportunity to send a tithe to improve lives in poorer nations who have suffered so much at the hands of the rich. But we would have to oversee this ourselves, since our governments might devise schemes to send weapons to dictators, rather than, say, solar-powered lighting to the people.
The benefits are so large you might think our politicians would rush to support this fee and dividend scheme. Some Republicans and Democrats do, but it is a radical and egalitarian idea so it is considered dangerous.
The usual players, rich investors, don’t get special treatment — they would much prefer a carbon trading scheme that would enrich them. Politicians wouldn’t get kickbacks from special interests. The fossil fuel industry would steadily lose its massive profits ($100 billion for the oil industry last year), so it objects and funds opposition.
But the Earth would rejoice, and the gratitude would resound down through the centuries for all of life on this planet, including our own descendants. This is a moral issue — justice for the Earth and her people.
So what are we waiting for? As usual, true leadership. Our leaders are waiting to see whether public opinion will support them if they act.
Alan Betts is a leading climate scientist and a past president of the Vermont Academy of Science and Engineering. He lives in Pittsford and can be reached at email@example.com.