Al-Qaida merger in Syria fractures rebels
By BASSEM MROUE
Associated Press | June 11,2013
Iraqi mourners carry a coffin containing a Shiite fighter killed in Syria.
BEIRUT — Al-Qaida’s leader has tried to end squabbling between the terror network’s Syrian and Iraqi branches, ordering the two groups to remain separate after an attempted merger prompted a leadership dispute between them.
Meanwhile, Syrian rebels battled Monday in a renewed push to capture a government air base in the north, while the regime was said to be preparing for a major offensive to retake opposition-held areas in the province of Aleppo.
The Qatar-based Al-Jazeera TV reported that al-Qaida No. 1 Ayman al-Zawahiri urged leaders of the Iraqi al-Qaida branch and the Nusra Front in Syria to end their disagreements and “stop any verbal or actual attacks against one another.”
The TV said al-Zawahiri’s call came in a letter sent to the station and posted on its website late Sunday. The letter’s authenticity could not be independently verified. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which has a network of activists on the ground in Syria, said it also acquired a copy of the letter but did not provide other details.
Al-Zawahiri’s call could also reflect a bid to carve out a more significant role for al-Qaida in the Syrian civil war. Jabhat al-Nusra, or the Nusra Front, is the most powerful rebel force fighting to topple President Bashar Assad.
In April, al-Qaida in Iraq said it had joined forces with the Nusra Front, and that the two had formed a new alliance called the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.
Hours after the announcement, Nusra Front leader Abu Mohammad al-Golani appeared to distance himself from the merger, saying he was not consulted. Instead, he pledged allegiance to al-Zawahiri.
In Sunday’s letter, al-Zawahiri chastises the head of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, saying he announced the merger without consulting al-Qaida’s leadership. He also admonished al-Golani for publicly distancing himself from the merger.
“The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant will be abolished,” al-Zawahiri said, adding that Nusra Front will remain an independent branch of al-Qaida. Al-Baghdadi and al-Golani are to stay on as leaders of their respective branches for another year, after which the al-Qaida leadership will decide whether they will keep their posts or be replaced.
Assad’s government in April seized upon the reported merger to back its assertion that it isn’t facing a true popular uprising but a foreign-backed terrorist plot.
The merger had also caused friction among rebels on the battlefield who feared the announcement would further discourage Western powers discussing funneling weapons, training and aid toward rebel groups and army defectors.
On Monday, rebel forces advanced inside the sprawling air base of Mannagh near the border with Turkey, activists said. The Observatory said rebels captured a building inside the base, which has been under siege for months. The opposition’s Aleppo Media Center said rebels destroyed several army vehicles and captured the observation tower.
Activists also reported clashes around the predominantly Shiite villages of Nubul and Zahra, besieged by rebels for a year. Aleppo-based activist Mohammed al-Khatib said military reinforcements, including Hezbollah fighters, have been sent to parts of Aleppo, including the two Shiite villages and north western parts of the city. He said the government was using helicopters to reinforce its positions and resupply in those areas.
The Shiite military group has openly joined the fight in Syria and was key in assisting regime forces in recapturing the strategic town of Qusair last week.
Syrian state-run media and the Hezbollah-owned Al-Manar TV have said the regime is preparing an offensive reportedly named Operation Northern Storm to recapture Aleppo.
Moved by the Assad regime’s rapid military advance, the Obama administration began discussing Monday whether to approve lethal aid for the beleaguered rebels, with U.S. officials saying a decision could happen later this week.
Opposition leaders have warned Washington that their rebellion could face devastating and irreversible losses without greater support.
Meanwhile, a roadside bomb lightly damaged a van that was heading from Lebanon to Syria on Monday, Lebanese security officials said. The van was hit by the bomb, detonated remotely, in the eastern Bekaa valley but kept driving toward the border, then crossed into Syria, said the officials, speaking on condition of anonymity in line with regulations. There appeared to be no casualties in the bombing.
Syria’s conflict started with largely peaceful protests against Assad’s regime in March 2011 but eventually turned into a civil war, which has killed more than 80,000 people, according to the United Nations.
Lebanon is bitterly divided over the war next door, with gunmen from rival religious sects fighting on opposite sides of the conflict. Lebanese Sunnis mostly back the opposition while many Shiites in Lebanon support Assad. The Syrian regime is dominated by members of the president’s minority Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam.
On Monday, Syria’s Defense Minister Gen. Fahd Jassem al-Freij said Qusair’s capture last week was a “main point toward restoring security and stability to every inch of our nation.”
Hezbollah has taken an increasingly prominent role in Syria’s fighting and was key in helping Assad’s troops capture the strategic town of Qusair near the border with Lebanon, following weekslong battles with rebels.
In apparent retaliation by the rebel side, scores of rockets have lately been fired recently from Syria into Hezbollah strongholds in northeastern Lebanon.
Senior Hezbollah official Sheikh Nabil Kaouk said it will not change it position on Syria, regardless of “how much local, regional and international pressure increases” on the Lebanese group.